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gre涓嬮潰鏄竴绡囧畼鏂圭粰鍑烘弧鍒嗙殑argument鑼冩枃锛屾垜浠潵涓璧疯祻鏋愶紝鐪嬬湅瀹冧负浣曡兘scored six (鍏堣鏂囩珷锛屽啀鐪嬫垜鐨勭偣璇)

the following appeared as part of an article in a daily newspaper:

"most companies would agree that as the risk of physical injury occurring on the job increases, the wages paid to employees should also increase. hence it makes financial sense for employers to make the workplace safer: they could thus reduce their payroll expenses and save money."

discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. in your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. for example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. you can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion.

gre棣栨

this argument states that it makes financial sense for employers to make the workplace safer because by making the workplace safer then lower wages could be paid to employees. this conclusion is based on the premise that as the list of physical injury increases, the wages paid to employees should also increase. however, there are several assumptions that may not necessarily apply to this argument. for example, the costs associated with making the workplace safe must outweigh the increased payroll expenses due to hazardous conditions. also, one must look at the plausability of improving the work environment. and finally, because most companies agree that as the risk of injury increases so will wages doesn't necessarily mean that the all companies which have hazardous work environments agree.

gre涓棿娈1

the first issue to be addressed is whether increased labor costs justify large capital expenditures to improve the work environment. clearly one could argue that if making the workplace safe would cost an exorbitant amount of money in comparison to leaving the workplace as is and paying slightly increased wages than it would not make sense to improve the work environment. for example, if making the workplace safe would cost $100 million versus additional payroll expenses of only $5,000 per year, it would make financial sense to simply pay the increased wages. no business or business owner with any sense would pay all that extra money just to save a couple dollars and improve employee health and relations. to consider this, a cost benefit analysis must be made. i also feel that although a cost benefit analysis should be the determining factor with regard to these decisions making financial sense, it may not be the determining factor with regard to making social, moral and ethical sense.

gre涓棿娈2

this argument also relies on the idea that companies solely use financial sense in analysing improving the work environment. this is not the case. companies look at other considerations such as the negative social ramifications of high on-job injuries. for example, toyota spends large amounts of money improving its environment because while its goal is to be profitable, it also prides itself on high employee morale and an almost perfectly safe work environment. however, toyota finds that it can do both, as by improving employee health and employee relations they are guaranteed a more motivated staff, and hence a more efficient staff; this guarantees more money for the business as well as more safety for the employees.

gre涓棿娈3

finally one must understand that not all work environments can be made safer. for example, in the case of coal mining, a company only has limited ways of making the work environment safe. while companies may be able to ensure some safety precautions, they may not be able to provide all the safety measures necessary. in other words, a mining company has limited ability to control the air quality within a coal mine and therefore it cannot control the risk of employees getting blacklung. in other words, regardless of the intent of the company, some jobs are simply dangerous in nature.

gre鏈

in conclusion, while at first it may seem to make financial sense to improve the safety of the work environment sometimes it truly does not make financial sense. furthermore, financial sense may not be the only issue a company faces. other types of analyses must be made such as the social ramifications of an unsafe work environment and the overall ability of a company to improve that environment (i.e銆傦紝 coal mine)銆 before any decision is made, all this things must be considered, not simply the reduction of payroll expenses.

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2. 鏍囧噯鐨勪簲娈靛埗锛岄娈点乬re鏈锛屼腑闂翠笁娈碉紝鐪嬩笂鍘诲緢缇庛

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1. 棣栨鍐嶇幇浜嗗師topic鐨勬帹鐞嗚繃绋嬶紝gre骞舵寚鍑哄叾assumptions澶氭湁涓嶉;灏ゅ叾浠ら槄鍗蜂汉楂樺叴鐨勬槸锛氶娈靛湪鏈鍚庣畝鍖栫綏鍒椾簡鎺ㄧ悊涓殑涓変釜闂銆傝鐭ラ亾缇庡浗浜哄氨鍠滄鐨勪綔鏂---鎬诲垎寮忥紝鍦ㄩ娈靛氨鎶婁笁涓猧deas缃楀垪鍑烘潵锛岀劧鍚庡湪涓棿涓夋鍒嗗埆灞曞紑锛屽厛鎬诲悗鍒嗭紝涓鐩簡鐒躲

2. 涓竴鐨則s -- “the first issue to be addressed is whether increased labor costs justify large capital expenditures to improve the work environment.”鍙皳鏄竴閽堣琛锛屼竴鍓戝皝鍠夈傚浜庤繖鏍蜂弗閲嶇殑鎺ㄧ悊婕忔礊锛屽鏋滀笉棣栧厛鎸囧嚭锛屽叾argument蹇呯劧杞急涔忓姏銆傛鎵璋搕opic涓殑 “蹇呭墛鐐”锛屼笉鍙笉瀵熴

3.青海快三走势图50—官方网址22270.COM涓簩鐨則s – “this argument also relies on the idea that companies solely use financial sense in analysing improving the work environment.”杩欏彲璋撴槸鍓戣蛋鍋忛攱锛岀嫭杈熻箠寰勶紝鍑轰汉鎵鏂欍傛枃绔犵珶鐒舵壒璇勪簡topic浠ラ挶涓烘湰缁忚惀鐞嗗康锛屾彁鍑轰簡瑕佷互浜轰负鏈紝杩欐牱鍐欐槸鏈変竴瀹氶闄╋紝姣曠珶杩欎笉鏄痠ssue銆傞偅鏈枃鏄浣曞寲闄╀负澶风殑鍛?涓旂湅鏈鏈鍚庝竴鍙“this guarantees more money for the business as well as more safety for the employees.”鎴戜笉鐢卞緱闀胯垝涓鍙o紝浜哄鍐嶆鍥炲綊浜嗭紝鍙堝洖鍒颁簡topic涓互“money”涓烘湰鐨勬帹鐞嗐

4. 涓笁鐨則s – “finally one must understand that not all work environments can be made safer.”杩欏厖鍒嗕綋鐜颁簡浣滆呬笉鍙槸鍧愯岃閬撶殑arguer锛岃屾槸鍏冲績鍏跺彲琛屾х殑鐜板疄涓讳箟鑰咃紝鑰冭檻鍒版柟妗堟湰韬殑鍙鎬у拰灞闄愭с

5. 青海快三走势图50—官方网址22270.COM鏈涓嶄絾瀵归娈垫彁鍑虹殑璁虹偣鍋氬嚭浜嗛噸澶嶆х殑鎬荤粨锛実re鑰屼笖鍙堜笉鍘屽叾鐑﹀湴鎶婁腑闂翠笁娈电殑ideas涓涓缃楀垪銆傚姝“鍟板棪”浼拌浠ゆ煇浜涘悓瀛︾暐鏈変笉榻匡紝浣嗚繖鎭版伆鏄編鍥戒汉鐨勬渶璐靛窞蹇笁app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM锛宑ultural shock浜嗗惂?

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2. 涓棿娈典簩锛杩愮敤浜“鍏蜂緥”gre(鍏蜂綋鐨勪緥瀛)锛屼妇涓涓瀛虹殕鐭ョ殑toyota渚嬪瓙鎶婃兂璇存槑鐨勯棶棰樼粺缁熼亾鍑猴紝鍐嶆浣撶幇鍑虹編鍥戒汉鍠滄娴呮樉鏄撴噦鐨勪簨渚嬨

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浠ヤ笂杩欎竴鍒囨庤兘涓嶈缇庡浗闃呭嵎鑰呴棰戦棣栵紝gre鍟у暓绉板杽鍛?浠栨垨濂规墜涓殑绗斿湪绾镐笂鍒掑嚭浜嗕竴鏉$編涓界殑寮х嚎 —— 6

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