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鎴浘鏉ヨ嚜姣忔棩閭姤缃戠珯

AVOCADO 槌勬ⅷ锛堢墰娌规灉锛

People who are sensitive to latex can also have an allergic reaction to avocado.

瀵逛钩鑳舵晱鎰熺殑浜哄彲鑳藉槌勬ⅷ涔熶細鏈夎繃鏁忓弽搴斻

Latex comes from the sap of the rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis. A study of 137 patients with rubber latex allergy, published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, found that 21.1 percent were also allergic to particular foods, including banana (18.3 percent) and avocado (16.3 percent).

全天计划快三—官方网址22270.COM涔宠兌鏉ヨ嚜姗¤兌鏍戠殑姹佹恫銆備竴椤瑰彂琛ㄥ湪銆婄編鍥介ギ椋熷崗浼氬鎶ャ嬩笂鐨勭爺绌跺湪璋冩煡浜137浣嶅鑳朵钩杩囨晱鐨勬偅鑰呭悗鍙戠幇锛21.1%鐨勬偅鑰呬篃瀵圭壒瀹氶鐗╄繃鏁忥紝鍏朵腑鍖呮嫭棣欒晧锛18.3%锛夊拰槌勬ⅷ锛16.3%锛夈

This is because some of the proteins in latex that cause allergic reactions are also present in these fruits.

杩欐槸鍥犱负涔宠兌涓細瀵艰嚧杩囨晱鍙嶅簲鐨勪竴浜涜泲鐧借川鍦ㄨ繖浜涙按鏋滀腑涔熷瓨鍦ㄣ

The same cross-reactivity can happen with kiwi fruit, says Professor Jean Emberlin, scientific director of Allergy UK. 鈥楾he proteins are very similar in both the latex and the fruit, so they can trigger similar reactions.鈥

鑻卞浗杩囨晱鍗忎細鐨勭瀛︿富浠荤惣路鑹惧浼灄鏁欐巿璇达紝鐚曠尨妗冧篃浼氫骇鐢熷悓鏍风殑浜ゅ弶杩囨晱鍙嶅簲銆傗滀钩鑳跺拰鐚曠尨妗冧腑鐨勮泲鐧借川闈炲父鐩镐技锛屾墍浠ヤ細寮曞彂鐩镐技鐨勮繃鏁忓弽搴斻傗

Symptoms include tingling in the mouth, stuffy nose, itchy eyes, wheezing and, in rare cases, life-threatening anaphylaxis.

杩囨晱鐥囩姸鍖呮嫭鍙h厰鍒虹棝銆侀蓟濉炪佺溂鐫涚棐銆佸摦鍠橈紝鍦ㄦ瀬灏戞暟鎯呭喌涓嬭繕鍙兘寮曞彂鑷村懡鐨勮繃鏁忔у弽搴斻

CHERRIES 妯辨

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鎴浘鏉ヨ嚜姣忔棩閭姤缃戠珯

鈥楥herry stones can be dangerous if chewed and then swallowed, as they contain a chemical compound based on the poison cyanide,鈥 says Dr Sanjay Prasad, a consultant cardiologist at the Royal Brompton Hospital in London.

浼︽暒鐨囧甯冩湕鏅】鍖婚櫌鐨勫績鑴忕椤鹃棶鍖诲笀妗戞澃路鏅媺钀ㄥ痉璇达細鈥滃皢妯辨鏍稿拃鍤煎悗鍚炰笅浼氭湁鍗遍櫓锛屽洜涓烘ū妗冩牳鍚湁涓绉嶆湰璐ㄤ负鏈夋瘨姘板寲鐗╃殑鍖栧悎鐗┿傗

If the stone is ground down, say by chewing, then the compound amygdalin, a form of cyanide, is released.

濡傛灉妯辨鏍歌鍤肩鎴栫⒕纰庯紝杩欑鍚嶄负鑻︽潖浠佽嫹鐨勫寲鍚堢墿锛堜竴绉嶆鞍鍖栫墿锛夊氨浼氶噴鏀惧嚭鏉ャ

This can cause fever, headaches, falling blood pressure and, in extreme cases, can be fatal.

鎽勫叆杩欑鍖栧悎鐗╀細瀵艰嚧鍙戠儳銆佸ご鐥涖佽鍘嬩笅闄嶏紝鍦ㄦ瀬绔儏鍐典笅杩樺彲鑷村懡銆

Research suggests the cyanide compound in cherries could be fatal in doses as small as 1.5 mg per kilogram of bodyweight, according to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

鏍规嵁娆ф床椋熷搧瀹夊叏灞鐨勬暟鎹紝鐮旂┒鏄剧ず锛屾ū妗冧腑姘板寲鐗╃殑鎽勫叆閲忓彧瑕佽揪鍒版瘡鍏枻浣撻噸1.5姣厠锛屽氨浼氳嚧鍛姐

A single cherry yields roughly 170 mg of cyanide per gram of seed 鈥 which means ingesting one or two freshly crushed stones could be dangerous. Apricot kernels also contain high levels of amygdalin 鈥 eating more than three small, raw apricot kernels, or less than half of one large kernel, can be a serious health risk, says the EFSA.

姣忓厠妯辨鏍稿ぇ绾︿細浜х敓170姣厠鐨勬鞍鍖栫墿锛岃繖鎰忓懗鐫鍚冧笅涓涓や釜鍒氱⒕纰庣殑妯辨鏍稿氨浼氬緢鍗遍櫓銆傛嵁娆ф床椋熷搧瀹夊叏灞绉帮紝鑻︽潖浠佷篃鍚湁澶ч噺鑻︽潖浠佽嫹锛屽悆涓嬩笁涓互涓婄殑鐢熺殑灏忚嫤鏉忎粊锛屾垨鑰呬笉鍒板崐涓ぇ鑻︽潖浠侊紝灏变細瀵瑰仴搴蜂骇鐢熶弗閲嶅嵄瀹炽

The chemical is also found in apple seeds 鈥 but you would have to eat two cups of ground seeds for it to be fatal.

鑻规灉鏍镐腑涔熷惈鏈夎繖绉嶅寲鍚堢墿锛屼笉杩囪鍚冩帀涓ゆ澂纰剧鐨勮嫻鏋滄牳鎵嶄細鏈夌敓鍛藉嵄闄┿

GRAPEFRUIT 钁¤悇鏌

If you鈥檙e taking statins, check with your doctor whether you can have grapefruit juice, says Dr Prasad. 鈥楽tatins are broken down by an enzyme in the liver, CYP3A, which normally reduces the amount of drug that enters your bloodstream.鈥

全天计划快三—官方网址22270.COM鏅媺钀ㄥ痉鍖荤敓璇达紝濡傛灉浣犳鍦ㄦ湇鐢ㄤ粬姹绫昏嵂鐗╋紝鍜屼綘鐨勫尰鐢熺‘璁や竴涓嬩綘鑳藉惁鍠濊憽钀勬煔姹併傗滆倽鑴忎腑涓绉嶅悕涓篊YP3A鐨勯叾鑳藉垎瑙d粬姹绫昏嵂鐗╋紝姝e父鎯呭喌涓嬩細鍑忓皯杩涘叆琛娴佺殑鑽墿閲忋傗

But grapefruit contains compounds that affect the function of CYP3A and therefore increases the potency of the drug (because less is broken down).

浣嗘槸钁¤悇鏌氭墍鍚殑鍖栧悎鐗╀細褰卞搷CYP3A鐨勫姛鑳斤紝浠庤屽鍔犺嵂鐗╃殑鏁堝姏锛堝洜涓鸿鍒嗚В鎺夌殑鑽噺鍙樺皯浜嗭級銆

BANANAS 棣欒晧

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鎴浘鏉ヨ嚜姣忔棩閭姤缃戠珯

Avoid very large quantities of bananas if you鈥檝e had kidney problems, as they contain the mineral potassium.

濡傛灉浣犳湁鑲剧梾锛屼笉瑕佸悆澶棣欒晧锛屽洜涓哄畠浠惈鏈夌熆鐗╅捑銆

鈥楰idneys regulate the amount of potassium in the body and if they鈥檙e functioning normally, they can control intake,鈥 explains Paul Cathcart, a consultant urological surgeon at Guy鈥檚 and St Thomas鈥 Hospital in London.

浼︽暒鐩栦紛鍜屽湥鎵橀┈鏂尰闄㈢殑娉屽翱澶栫椤鹃棶鍖诲笀淇濈綏路鍗℃濆崱鐗硅В閲婇亾锛氣滆偩鑳借皟鑺備綋鍐呯殑閽惧惈閲忥紝濡傛灉鑲捐剰姝e父杩愯浆锛屽氨鑳芥帶鍒朵汉浣撳惛鏀剁殑閽俱傗

But kidneys that don鈥檛 function normally can allow potassium to build up, potentially triggering hyperkalemia, which causes nausea, a slower pulse and an irregular heartbeat.

浣嗘槸锛屼笉鑳芥甯歌繍杞殑鑲捐剰浼氳閽句笉鏂疮绉紝浠庤屽彲鑳藉紩鍙戦珮閽捐锛屽鑷存伓蹇冦佽剦鎼忓彉鎱㈠拰蹇冭烦涓嶉綈绛夌棁鐘躲

鈥楽o if you have a renal impairment or have had kidney disease, you should have a lower potassium intake,鈥 says Mr Cathcart.

鍗℃濆崱鐗硅锛氣滄墍浠ワ紝濡傛灉浣犳湁鑲炬崯浼ゆ垨鑲剧梾锛屽簲璇ュ皯鎽勫叆閽俱傗

Healthy adults need about 3,500mg of potassium a day, says dietitian Dr Sarah Schenker. The average banana contains between 400 mg and 450 mg, so you鈥檇 have to eat more than seven-and-a-half bananas to reach that level.

钀ュ吇瀛﹀鑾庢媺路鐢冲厠灏斿崥澹锛屽仴搴风殑鎴愪汉姣忓ぉ闇瑕佸ぇ绾3500姣厠閽俱備竴鏍规櫘閫氱殑棣欒晧鍚湁400鍒450姣厠鐨勯捑锛屾墍浠ヤ綘蹇呴』鍚7鏍瑰崐棣欒晧鎵嶈兘杈惧埌杩欎竴姘村钩銆

BEETROOT 鐢滆彍鏍

If you鈥檝e had kidney stones, avoid beetroot, says Bhaskar Somani, a consultant urological surgeon and honorary senior lecturer in urology at University Hospital Southampton.

鍗楀畨鏅】澶у鍖婚櫌娉屽翱澶栫椤鹃棶鍖诲笀鍜岃崳瑾夐珮绾ц甯堝反鏂崱路绱㈡浖灏艰锛屽鏋滀綘鏈夎偩缁撶煶锛屽氨涓嶈鍚冪敎鑿滄牴銆

鈥楤eetroot contains oxalates 鈥 substances that prevent calcium being absorbed.鈥

鈥滅敎鑿滄牴鍚湁鑽夐吀鈥斺旇繖绉嶇墿璐ㄥ彲浠ラ樆姝㈤挋琚汉浣撳惛鏀躲傗

Most people鈥檚 bodies can break down and eliminate these substances via the kidney or colon. But in some people, oxalates can accumulate, leading to stones.

澶氭暟浜虹殑韬綋閮藉彲浠ラ氳繃鑲捐剰鎴栫粨鑲犳潵鍒嗚В鍜屾秷闄よ繖浜涚墿璐ㄣ備絾瀵规湁浜涗汉鑰岃█锛岃崏閰稿垯浼氬湪浣撳唴绉仛锛屽紩鍙戠粨鐭炽

SPROUTS 璞嗚娊鑿

Sprouts should be avoided if you鈥檙e taking the anticoagulant drug warfarin, used to help prevent blood clots or to keep a clot from getting bigger, advises Yoon Loke, a professor of medicine and pharmacology at the University of East Anglia.

涓滃畨鏍煎埄浜氬ぇ瀛︾殑鍖昏嵂瀛︽暀鎺堟案鎭┞锋礇鍏嬪缓璁紝濡傛灉浣犳鍦ㄦ湇鐢ㄦ姉鍑濊鑽墿鍗庢硶鏋楋紝灏变笉瑕佸悆璞嗚娊鑿溿

鈥楾his is because green, leafy vegetables such as sprouts and spinach are high in vitamin K, a nutrient needed to make clotting factors in the body 鈥 the opposite of what warfarin does, which is to thin the blood.

鈥滆繖鏄洜涓鸿眴鑺借彍鍜岃彔鑿滅瓑缁垮彾钄彍鍚湁澶ч噺缁寸敓绱燢鈥斺斾竴绉嶅嚌琛鍥犲瓙鎵闇鐨勮惀鍏荤墿璐ㄢ斺斿拰鍗庢硶鏋楁鐩稿弽锛屽崕娉曟灄浼氳琛娑插彉绋銆傗

鈥楽o vitamin K inhibits the effects of warfarin.鈥

鈥滄墍浠ョ淮鐢熺礌K浼氭姂鍒跺崕娉曟灄鐨勮嵂鏁堛傗

CABBAGE 鍗峰績鑿

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鎴浘鏉ヨ嚜姣忔棩閭姤缃戠珯

Raw cabbage, along with cauliflower and kale, contains goitrogens 鈥 substances that can affect thyroid function by blocking production of the hormone thyroxine, says Dr Mark Vanderpump, a consultant endocrinologist at The Physicians鈥 Clinic in London.

浼︽暒鍐呯鍖荤敓璇婃墍鐨勫唴鍒嗘硨绉戦【闂尰甯堥┈鍏嬄疯寖寰锋櫘璇达紝鐢熷嵎蹇冭彍鍜岃姳妞拌彍銆佺窘琛g敇钃濅竴鏍峰惈鏈夎嚧鐢茬姸鑵鸿偪鍥犲瓙锛岃繖绉嶇墿璐ㄨ兘閫氳繃闃绘鐢茬姸鑵烘縺绱犵殑鍒嗘硨褰卞搷鐢茬姸鑵哄姛鑳姐

The hormone helps to absorb iodine, which is essential for normal thyroid function.

杩欑婵绱犳湁鍔╀簬鍚告敹纰橈紝鑰岀瀵逛簬姝e父鐨勭敳鐘惰吅鍔熻兘鑷冲叧閲嶈銆

The effects are small, so cabbage is unlikely to cause problems in healthy people and those who are taking the drug levothyroxine for underactive thyroid.

鐢变簬浣滅敤姣旇緝灏忥紝鎵浠ュ嵎蹇冭彍涓嶅お鍙兘璁╁仴搴风殑浜哄拰鍥犵敳鐘惰吅鏈鸿兘浣庝笅鑰屾湇鐢ㄥ乏鏃嬬敳鐘惰吅绱犵殑浜鸿韩浣撳嚭闂銆

鈥楤ut these vegetables may be an issue for those who have a low thyroid function but haven鈥檛 been diagnosed. Symptoms include tiredness and weight gain,鈥 says Dr Vanderpump.

鑼冨痉鏅尰鐢熻锛氣滀絾杩欎簺钄彍瀵逛簬閭d簺鐢茬姸鑵烘満鑳戒綆涓嬩絾杩樻湭琚瘖鏂嚭鐨勬偅鑰呭彲鑳芥槸涓棶棰樸傜敳鐘惰吅鏈鸿兘浣庝笅鐨勭棁鐘跺寘鎷柌鍊﹀拰澧為噸銆傗

BROAD BEANS 铓曡眴

Tyramine, found in foods including broad beans, chocolate and hard cheese, is an amino acid that helps regulate blood pressure.

铓曡眴銆佸阀鍏嬪姏鍜岀‖璐ㄥザ閰瓑椋熺墿鎵鍚殑閰兒鏄竴绉嶆湁鍔╀簬璋冭妭琛鍘嬬殑姘ㄥ熀閰搞

However, if you take one of the older forms of antidepressant known as monoamine oxidase inhibitors, the drug can block the enzyme that breaks down excess tyramine.

浣嗘槸锛屽鏋滀綘鏈嶇敤姣旇緝鑰佺殑鎶楁姂閮佽嵂鍗曡兒姘у寲閰舵姂鍒跺墏锛岃繖绉嶈嵂鐗╀細闃绘柇鑳藉垎瑙h繃澶氶叒鑳虹殑閰躲

A build-up of tyramine can lead to critically high blood pressure, says Dr Prasad.

鏅媺钀ㄥ痉鍖荤敓璇达紝閰兒鐨勭疮绉彲寮曞彂涓ラ噸鐨勯珮琛鍘嬨

CRANBERRIES 钄撹秺姗

Cranberry juice contains salicylic acid, a key ingredient in aspirin, so reduce the amount you drink if you take aspirin regularly (it is often prescribed as a blood thinner for those who have had a heart attack), as this could thin the blood further.

钄撹秺姗樻眮鍚湁姘存潹閰革紝杩欐槸闃垮徃鍖规灄涓殑鍏抽敭鎴愬垎锛屾墍浠ュ鏋滀綘瀹氭湡鏈嶇敤闃垮徃鍖规灄锛堝尰鐢熺粡甯哥粰鍙戜綔杩囧績鑴忕梾鐨勪汉寮闃垮徃鍖规灄锛屽洜涓鸿繖鑳界█閲婅娑诧級锛屽氨瑕佸皯鍠濊敁瓒婃姹侊紝鍚﹀垯浼氳琛娑茶繘涓姝ュ彉绋銆

鈥楧rinking more than three glasses of cranberry juice a day can increase the amount of salicylic acid in your body,鈥 says Professor Loke. 鈥楾o be on the safe side, keep intake to less than this if you take aspirin regularly.鈥

娲涘厠鏁欐巿璇达細鈥滄瘡澶╁枬瓒呰繃涓夋澂鐨勮敁瓒婃姹佷細澧炲姞浣撳唴鐨勬按鏉ㄩ吀銆傚鏋滀綘瀹氭湡鏈嶇敤闃垮徃鍖规灄锛屽畨鍏ㄨ捣瑙侊紝鍠濊敁瓒婃姹佷笉瑕佽秴杩囦笁鏉傗

Salicylic acid could also potentially affect how you metabolise warfarin.

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鑻辨枃鏉ユ簮锛氭瘡鏃ラ偖鎶

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